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VenationFortIraklion is the big city on this part of the island, when we arrived on the island this was the port we arrived at, at 6am it was still dark, so we decided to drive up the coast a bit before stopping to find somewhere to stay.

So after we got settled, we decided to go back and see the big city, so we get up one morning and decide today is the day we go see the city, so we went by bus, got off the bus at the port, right which way is the city centre, left or right, so we walked right for a while and decided it was taking us away from what shops we could see, right lets turn back and go the other way, we will follow the road the way the bus came in!!!!!!!

Morozini Fountain HeraklionEsglesia a HerakleionSo off we go in the other direction, still no city centre, so we just kept walking until we got tired, so we went into a local café to get something to eat and drink, don’t get me wrong there was plenty off shops, and we did manage to spend some money, but you just knew it was not the centre of the city, and if it was we weren't impressed with it.

So after a while we found a bus stop and decided to go back home, it was another baking hot day!!!!! Back home we got out our map of Crete, which has city street map's attached to it, and guess what, we walked away from the city centre, we should have kept walking to the right and we would have found it, typical!!!!!!!!

What Encyclopedia Britannica has to say about


Iraklion also spelled Herakleion historically Candia largest city, principal port of the Greek island of Crete, and capital of the nomós (department) of Iráklion. The city lies on the north coast just north-west of the ancient Minoan capital of Knossos. Its name derives from the ancient Roman port of Heracleum, which likely occupied the same site. As the capital of Saracen Crete in the 9th century AD, it took the Arabic name Khandaq (“Moat”), which was corrupted to Candia by the Venetians, to whom the island was sold in 1204. Most of the extensive system of walls built around the city by the Venetians survives.

In 1669 the city was ceded to the Turks after a siege of more than 20 years. During the long Turkish occupation, which ended in 1897, Candia was known as Megalokastro. The Turks permitted its harbour to silt up, and the port of Canea (Khaniá), the future capital of Crete, took over Megalokastro's former commercial pre eminence. The Turkish rule ended after an insurrection (1897) by the Greek population, demanding union with Greece. Iráklion was part of the international protectorate of Crete (1897–1913) and then became part of Greece. During the German invasion in 1941 the city suffered heavy damage from bombing.

After World War II the city gained considerable commercial prominence, with a new harbour with moles, an airport, and several hotels to serve the tourist trade. Among the port's principal exports are grapes (especially sultanas), olives and olive oil, wine, carobs, citrus, almonds, soap, vegetables, and leather. Numerous earthquakes, notably in 1664, 1856, and 1926, have taken their toll of the city's buildings and monuments, including many fine churches and mosques. A modern museum contains one of the finest collections of Minoan antiquities in Greece. Pop. (1981) city, 102,398; nómos, 243,622.

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